Epistemology as the Ultimate Deus Ex Machina

Superhero: “Good job mate, another successful victory.”
Sidekick: “But didn’t a fire just kill everyone we were trying to save?”
Superhero: “True, but I’ve improved my epistemology and now consider this to be a win condition. Think of the animals that can flourish in the lack of human intervention.”

One problem that plagues the existing Effective Altruism movement is a strange kaleidoscope of epistemic standards. It comes out that the “most effective ways to improve the world” is a surprisingly (to me at least) controversial discipline, even within utilitarianism.